Article Abstract

Prognostic evaluation of postoperative adjuvant therapy for operable cervical cancer: 10 years’ experience of National Cancer Center in China

Authors: Tong Shu, Dan Zhao, Bin Li, Yating Wang, Shuanghuan Liu, Pingping Li, Jing Zuo, Ping Bai, Rong Zhang, Lingying Wu


Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic factors and to evaluate the impact of adjuvant therapy on clinical outcome for early-stage cervical cancer.
Methods: The clinical-pathological data of all 1,335 patients with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Ib–IIa cervical cancer treated with primary radical surgery at the Chinese National Cancer Center between May 2007 and Dec 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. The median follow-up was 70 months.
Results: Of all the patients, 61.6% of the cases received adjuvant therapy, with 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) of 92.1% and 5-year overall survival (OS) of 95.0%. In multivariate analysis, differentiation of G3 (P<0.05), lymph node metastasis (LNM, P<0.05) and lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI, P<0.05) were independent predictors for OS, while LNM (P<0.05), deep stroma invasion (DSI, P<0.05) and LVSI (P<0.05) were independent factors for DFS. The samples were stratified by histologic type, and cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was found to share the same independent factors except for differentiation of OS. As to patients with cervical adenocarcinoma/adenosquamous carcinoma (AC/ASC), differentiation was the independent predictor of OS (P<0.05); and LVSI of DFS (P<0.05). Of 236 patients with high-risk factors, there was no significant difference in survival between concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT, n=195), radiotherapy (RT, n=24), and chemotherapy (CT, n=17). Among the 190 patients with LNM who underwent CCRT, 124 cases showed improved DFS after sequential CT (P=0.118), with a recurrence rate decrease of 14%, though the difference was not statistically significant. Patients with single intermediate-risk factors like DSI or LVSI were found to partially benefit from adjuvant therapy, but the difference was not statistically significant.
Conclusions: LNM, LVSI, DSI and differentiation were found to be independent prognostic factors for operable cervical cancer. Aggressive postoperative adjuvant therapy based on single risk factors in Chinese National Cancer Center could benefit survival. CCRT+CT outperformed CCRT in high-risk patients. For patients with single non-high-risk factor, the role of adjuvant therapy needs to be further discussed.

Keywords: Cervical neoplasm; adjuvant therapy; prognostic factors; DFS; OS