Article Abstract

Impact of 5-Fu/oxaliplatin on mouse dendritic cells and synergetic effect with a colon cancer vaccine

Authors: Xinqiang Hong, Tiangeng Dong, Tuo Yi, Jianwei Hu, Zhen Zhang, Shengli Lin, Weixin Niu


Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) and oxaliplatin on the function and activation pathways of mouse dendritic cells (DCs), and to clarify whether 5-Fu/oxaliplatin combined with the CD1d-MC38/α-galactosylceramide (α-GC) tumor vaccine exhibits synergistic effects on the treatment of colon cancer in mice.
Methods: The combination of the Toll like receptor (TLR) ligands and/or 5-Fu/oxaliplatin was added into myeloid-derived DCs in vitro culture. DC phenotypic changes were detected by flow cytometry, and the secretion of DC cytokines was detected by cytometric bead array (CBA). A MC38 mouse colon cancer model was constructed and the DCs were isolated from the spleen, tumor tissue and lymph nodes following intraperitoneal injection of 5-Fu/oxaliplatin. The cell phenotypes were detected by flow cytometry. The tumor infiltrating leukocytes, splenocytes and lymph node cells were co-cultured with the dead MC38 tumor cells, and the secretion levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) were detected. 5-Fu/oxaliplatin combined with our previously developed CD1d-MC38/α-GC tumor vaccine was used to inhibit the growth of MC38 colon cancer in mice, and the tumor growth rate and survival time were recorded.
Results: 5-Fu/oxaliplatin exerted no significant effect on the expression of the stimulating phenotypes of DCs in vitro, while it could reduce the expression of programmed death ligand 1/2 (PD-L1/L2) and promote interleukin-12 (IL-12) secretion by DCs. Furthermore 5-Fu/oxaliplatin was beneficial to the differentiation of T-helper 1 (Th1) cells. 5-Fu/oxaliplatin further enhanced the stimulating phenotypic expression of DCs in tumor bearing mice, decreased PD-L1/L2 expression, and specifically activated the lymphocytes. The CD1d-MC38/α-GC tumor vaccine combined with 5-Fu/oxaliplatin could exert a synergistic role that resulted in a significant delay of the tumor growth rate, and an increase in the survival time of tumor bearing mice.
Conclusions: 5-Fu/oxaliplatin decreased the expression of the DC inhibitory phenotypes PD-L1/L2, promoted DC phenotypic maturation in tumor bearing mice, activated the lymphocytes of tumor bearing mice, and exerted synergistic effects with the CD1d-MC38/α-GC colon cancer tumor vaccine.

Keywords: Dendritic cell; colon cancer; cancer vaccine; chemoimmunotherapy