Article Abstract

Serum LDH level may predict outcome of chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with a 17p deletion: a retrospective analysis of prognostic factors in China

Authors: Heng Li, Wenjie Xiong, Huimin Liu, Shuhua Yi, Zhen Yu, Wei Liu, Rui Lyu, Tingyu Wang, Dehui Zou, Zengjun Li, Lugui Qiu


Objective: This study aims to evaluate the natural history of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and a 17p deletion (17p-) and identify the predictive factors within this subgroup.
Methods: The sample of patients with CLL were analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization for deletions in chromosome bands 11q22, 13q14 and 17p13; trisomy of bands 12q13; and translocation involving band 14q32. The data from 456 patients with or without a 17p- were retrospectively collected and analyzed.
Results: The overall response rate (ORR) in patients with a 17p- was 56.9%, and patients with a high percentage of 17p- (defined as more than 25% of cells harbouring a 17p-) had a lower ORR. The median overall survival (OS) in patients with a 17p- was 78.0 months, which was significantly shorter than the OS in patients without this genetic abnormality (median 162.0 months, P<0.001). Within the subgroup with a 17p-, the progression-free survival was significantly shorter in patients at Binet stage B-C and patients with elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), B symptoms, unmutated IGHV and a high percentage of 17p-.
Conclusions: These results indicated that patients with a 17p- CLL have a variable prognosis that might be predicted using simple clinical and laboratory characteristics.

Keywords: 17p deletion; chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH); del17p in CLL